Energy Supplier Licensing Guide

High-voltage power lines
View Guide Contents
Guide Contents

Energy supplier firms are typically required to register with the public utility commission before acting as an energy broker, marketer, aggregator, or supplier. Registration requirements vary greatly by the energy type provided and the state energy is provided in.

There are currently 29 states that allow consumers to purchase energy through an alternative supplier. Most competitive energy states require suppliers to hold a license. The remaining states do not offer supplier licenses, as consumers must purchase energy directly from a utility company.

The good news? An experienced, dedicated compliance partner can help you take a proactive approach to maintaining energy supplier licensure and certification. Contact us today to help you simplify the professional licensing process.

The following guide contains an overview of energy supplier firm licensing and specific regulatory requirements in each state.

Energy Licensing Overview

An icon of a lightning bolt

Licenses for Electricity Suppliers

Explore requirements for electricity suppliers nationwide, including a breakdown of license and registration requirements in competitive energy states.

Read more about Electricity Supplier Licensing

An icon of a natural gas

Licenses for Natural Gas Suppliers

Learn more about license and registration requirements for natural gas suppliers in every state, from secretary of state filings to public utility commission registrations.

Read more about Natural Gas Supplier Licensing

Aggregator - Agents acting as brokers on behalf of a group or groups of customers.

Broker - An agent acting as a middleman between energy suppliers and customers. Brokers can be affiliated with a single energy supplier or may have several supplier affiliations.

Competitive Energy States - States that allow consumers to choose the supplier of their energy source.

Energy Supplier - Narrowly defined, a supplier is a company that owns rights to a supply of energy or owns means of producing energy and then sells that energy to customers. The broad definition of energy supplier also includes aggregators, brokers, and marketers.

Franchise Agreement - A contract between municipal governments and utility companies that sets a franchise fee and conditions for the use of public rights of way.

Power Marketer - Act as intermediary between utilities and customers. Marketers do not own any assets related to power generation, they simply find price discrepancies between utility companies and offer savings to customers.

ACCES: American Coalition of Competitive Energy Suppliers
Consumer outreach organization that educates the public on energy choice.

FERC: Federal Energy Regulatory Commission
Independent agency charged with oversight of electric, oil, natural gas, and hydropower transmissions.

RESA: Retail Energy Supply Association
National association of energy suppliers that encourages competition in energy markets.

© 2012 - 2020 Harbor Compliance. All rights reserved. Harbor Compliance does not provide tax, financial, or legal advice. Use of our services does not create an attorney-client relationship. Harbor Compliance is not acting as your attorney and does not review information you provide to us for legal accuracy or sufficiency. Access to our website is subject to our Terms of Use and Service Agreement.