Pennsylvania General Partnership

If you’re looking to start a Pennsylvania general partnership, you’re in the right place. This guide will help you secure a business name, obtain tax IDs, and apply for business licenses.


Paperwork Cost Time
  • Form DSCB:54-311-2: Application for Registration of a Fictitious Name
  • DBA Publishing
  • Partnership agreement
  • IRS Form SS-4: Obtain an EIN
  • PA-100: PA Enterprise Registration Form
  • DBA Name: $70
  • DBA Publishing: ~$200
  • EIN: $0
  • PA-100: $0 + fees for needed licenses
  • DBA Name: ~10-15 business days
  • EIN: Immediately online
  • PA-100: varies based on needed tax accounts/licenses

How to Start a General Partnership in Pennsylvania

1 Confirm you should start a general partnership

Before you begin, take a moment to confirm your understanding of the general partnership (GP) business structure.

  • A general partnerships consists of several owners, called general partners.
  • Owners pay taxes on business profits on their personal income tax returns and at their personal income tax rates. The IRS requires the partnership to file an informational return stating how profits are divided amongst owners.
  • The appeal of a general partnership lies in that it is relatively easy to set up and maintain compared to other business structures.
  • The main drawback of a general partnership is that it does not provide the owners with limited liability protection. Your car, home, savings, and other personal assets are at risk if your business gets in debt or is sued.
    • If you do not own assets, debts may be applied against future assets.
    • Business liability insurance is not a substitution for limited liability protection. Liability insurance protects the assets of the business in certain situations and up to certain limits. Limited liability protects your personal assets.

The other major option for a small multi-owner business is an Pennsylvania limited liability company (LLC). To compare all structures, please see the Business structure comparison chart.

2 Determine if you need to register your business name

By default, your business name is your legal name. Any other business name is called a "doing business as" (DBA) name.In Pennsylvania, registering your DBA is mandatory.

Registering a fictitious name will not prevent another individual or business from registering an identical name with the PA Department of State (no name exclusivity).

3 Check Name Availability

Your desired DBA may not conflict with any other registered name. Check availability of your desired name by conducting a name search.

Name Search:
Pennsylvania Bureau of Corporations record search
Notes:
  • Your name must be "distinguishable" from registered corporations, LLCs, and other entities.
  • The Pennsylvania Department of State will permit you to file a name identical to any fictitious names on record; however, you risk infringing on that person or business's common law trademark.
  • For use of corporate designators (e.g. "company"), restricted words, and names requiring pre-approval, please see 54 Pa. Code §311.

Next, check availability of your desired name against trademarks registered with the Pennsylvania Secretary of State and the USPTO.

PA Trademark:
Pennsylvania Bureau of Corporations record search (same database as above)
Federal Trademark:
USPTO trademark search

Finally, use your common sense to search use of your desired business name in the public domain. Common law rights to a trademark arise from actual use, not registration. Search the internet, telephone directories, trade magazines, business or professional license records, and so on.

4 File Pennsylvania Fictitious Name Registration

File the following document to register your name.

Submit to:
Pennsylvania Department of State
http://www.dos.state.pa.us/
Form:
Form DSCB:54-311-2: Application for Registration of a Fictitious Name
Filing Method:
Mail
Fee:
$70
Turnaround:
~10-15 business days
Notes:
  • Type and print or use black or blue ink.
  • Do not use a P.O. Box for the principal office address.
  • The requirement to file a duplicate copy with certain counties has been abolished. You no longer need to file fictitious name documents in the Office of the Clerk of the Court of Common Pleas or Prothonotary.
5 Publish your Fictitious Name

Pennsylvania imposes a publishing requirement for fictitious names.

Submit to:
Approved legal journals or newspapers
Fee:
~$200
Law:
54 Pa. Code §311(g)
Notes:
  • Beware of spending too little on publishing. You may not be including the required copy.
  • Obtain legal affidavits for your records.
  • It is better to wait to publish until after your filing is approved. That way you ensure your name is approved.
  • To learn more, read PA publishing requirement.
6 Create a Partnership Agreement

A partnership agreement is a legal document between the owners. It is not mandatory, but will help the owners resolve potential disputes in advance. Without a partnership agreement, the GP will be governed by the default rules of the Alabama Uniform Partnership Act.

There are many free partnership templates that you can tailor to your needs. A good template will contain:

  1. Allocation of profits / losses
  2. Contributions to the partnership including cash, property, and services
  3. Management authorities / responsibilities of the partners (e.g. entering into contracts)
  4. Decision-making and voting
  5. Admitting new partners, buying-out a partner, if a partner wants to withdraw, and other changes in ownership
  6. What happens upon death, bankruptcy, or other events to a partner
  7. Mediating disputes
7 Get a Federal Employer Identification Number

Partnerships must obtain an Employer Identification Number (EIN). This is a nine digit number issued by the IRS and used for tax-reporting purposes. You will also use your EIN to open a business bank account.

Submit to:
Internal Revenue Service
http://www.irs.gov/
Form:
IRS Form SS-4
Guidance:
IRS Pub 1635: Understanding Your EIN
Filing Method:
Mail, phone, fax, or apply online with the IRS
Fee:
$0
Turnaround:
Immediately online
Notes:
The IRS website is only available during certain hours. Print your EIN before closing your session.
8 Get Pennsylvania State Tax Identification Numbers/Accounts

Pennsylvania issues multiple tax IDs - one for each tax account number (box number). For example, if your business sells candy bars and has employees, you will have separate tax account numbers for sales tax and employer withholding tax.

Submit to:
Pennsylvania Department of Revenue
www.revenue.state.pa.us/
Form:
PA-100: PA Enterprise Registration Form
Guidance:
REV-558: Starting a Business in Pennsylvania - A Beginner's Guide
Fee:
$0 + fees for needed licenses
Filing Method:
Mail or using Online Business Registration Interview (OBRI)

More information and help filing PA-100

9 Obtain Business Licenses & Permits

To run your business legally, you must obtain applicable licenses and permits. The easiest way to navigate the wide range of federal, state, and local requirements is to search by your business type and locality using the Small Business Administration Business License & Permit look-up tool.

* Next Steps

To finish setting up your general partnership:

  • Open a business bank account. Keep your personal finances and business finances separate.
  • Obtain general business liability insurance. Because a general partnership does not have limited liability, an insurance policy may be the only protection against unforseen events.
  • Comply with employment laws as you hire help.
  • Report and pay taxes.

Start Your General Partnership Today!

We guide you through the process of starting your business and file your government paperwork for you.

Learn About Our Services

Start Your General Partnership Today!

We guide you through the process of starting your business and file your government paperwork for you.

Learn About Our Services
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