How to Form an LLC in Alaska
LLC, C-Corp, or S-Corp?
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Limiting Your Liability
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This guide to starting an LLC in Alaska provides step-by-step instructions on filing formation documents, obtaining tax IDs, and setting up company records.
LLCs are the most popular business structure because they are inexpensive to form, provide flexibility to the owners, and are easy to run. Forming your LLC legally establishes your business, limits your personal liability, and gains tax flexibility. The following step-by-step will help you as you undertake this process.
A major perk of forming an LLC in Alaska is that they have no state income tax. There is no personal income tax in Alaska and since LLCs by default receive pass-through taxation, the LLC does not pay income tax either.
Fast Facts: Your Budget and Timeline
Here is an overview of the total paperwork, cost, and time it takes to form an LLC in Alaska. Be sure to read the final step in this guide - "Ongoing Filings" - to understand your ongoing costs to maintain a compliant LLC.
- Form 08-484: Articles of Organization Domestic Limited Liability Company
- Alaska CBPL Initial Report
- Operating Agreement
- IRS Form SS-4: Obtain an EIN
- Form 08-4181: New Alaska Business License Application
- Formation: $250
- Alaska business license: $50
- Formation: Immediately online. ~10-15 business days by paper.
- Alaska business license: Immediately online. ~10-15 business days by mail.
Step-by-Step Alaska LLC Instructions
Check Name Availability
The legal name of your LLC may not conflict with any other registered name. Check availability of your desired name by conducting a name search.
Name Search: Alaska Division of Corporations, Business and Professional Licensing
Name Reservation: Optional Suffix:
The name of a limited liability company stated in the company's articles of organization must contain the words "limited liability company" or the abbreviation "L.L.C.," or "LLC". The word "limited" may be abbreviated as "Ltd.," and the word "company" may be abbreviated as "Co."
Appoint a Registered Agent
Identify the LLC’s Alaska registered agent. This individual or company receives notice of lawsuit and other legal service for the LLC.
File Alaska Certificate of Formation
File the articles of organization to create your limited liability company.
Agency: Alaska Division of Corporations, Business and Professional Licensing Form: Filing Method:
Mail or online
$150 filing fee + $100 biennial license fee = $250 total
Immediately online. ~10-15 business days by paper.
- Mail one original and one copy and a check for the state fee.
- Attach the Contact Information Sheet.
File Initial Report
Establish Company Records
Your filed articles of organization are the first document for your limited liability company records. Your LLC will generate many other official records such as your operating agreement, meeting minutes, and your EIN.
Office supplies intended for an LLC will help you stay organized and save time. Membership certificate templates should come with your company record book. Each owner receives a membership certificate as evidence of his or her ownership in the LLC.
Create the Operating Agreement
Draft an Operating Agreement (potentially using a template) which is the governing document for the LLC. It defines the formalities of how the LLC will run itself such as holding an annual meeting. You will review and adopt the agreement at your organizational meeting.
Hold the Organizational Meeting
The first meeting of the members of the LLC is the organizational meeting. You will need your filed articles of organization and your operating agreement in order to conduct this meeting. Keep minutes of this meeting and store them in your company record book.
Get a Federal Employer Identification Number (EIN)
If your LLC has more than one member or will hire employees, it must obtain an EIN. An EIN is also often required to open a bank account.
Agency: Internal Revenue Service (IRS) Form: Filing Method:
Mail, phone, fax, or online.
Immediately online or by phone. 4 business days by fax. 4-5 weeks by mail.
The IRS website is only available during certain hours. Print your EIN before closing your session. For additional guidance, see IRS Pub 1635: Understanding Your EIN.
Get Alaska State Tax Identification Numbers/Accounts
Consider Electing S-Corp or C-Corp Taxation
By default, your LLC receives pass-through taxation and the vast majority of LLCs keep this tax classification. Some LLCs benefit from electing S-Corp or C-Corp tax treatment:
- S-Corp treatment can help owner-employees who earn more than ~$75,000 per year save on self-employment taxes. File Form 2553: S-Corp Election.
- C-Corps suffer from double taxation: the corporation pays taxes on profits then members pay taxes on their distributions. If profits exceed $250,000 per owner, you provide employee benefits, or you will re-invest most of your profit in the business, you may benefit from the low tax rates on retained earnings under C-Corp treatment. File Form 8832: C-Corp Election.
Obtain Business Licenses & Permits
To run your business legally, you must obtain applicable licenses and permits. The easiest way to navigate the wide range of federal, state, and local requirements is to search by your business type and locality using the Small Business Administration Business License & Permit look-up tool.
Every LLC must obtain an Alaska Business License.
Submit to: Alaska Department of Commerce, Community, and Economic Development - Corporations, Business & Professional Licensing (CBPL)
Filing Method: Mail or online Fee: $50 Turnaround: Immediately online. ~10-15 business days by mail. Exemptions: nvestment clubs and businesses that hold a fisheries business license, liquor license, insurance license, or mining license. If you think you are exempt from business licensing, please consult a Business Licensing Examiner about your specific situation. Notes: A separate business license is required for each business name.
- The Alaska Division of Corporations requires an Alaska biennial report ($100 state fee). Your first biennial report is due July 2nd during the calendar year which is two years after your formation date. Late fees commence August 1st.
- The Alaska Division of Corporations also requires annual Business License Renewal.
You must file federal and state tax returns. You must also file: