Massachusetts Articles of Incorporation

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What Are Massachusetts Articles of Incorporation?

Preparing and filing your articles of incorporation is the first step in starting your business corporation. Approval of this document secures your corporate name and creates the legal entity of the corporation. Only after this approval can the corporation apply for tax IDs, obtain business licenses, sign contracts, and otherwise conduct business.

Incorporating provides many important benefits:

  • Limits the liability of directors, officers, and shareholders
  • Fulfills statutory requirements to register your business name
  • Provides governance and adds credibility

Fast Facts

For Domestic Corporations:

Agency:Massachusetts Secretary of the Commonwealth

Articles of Organization

Filing Method:

Mail, fax, in-person, or online

Agency Fee:

$275 + optional $25 expedite fee + $100 for each 100,000 authorized shares over 275,000


~2-3 business days by mail (plus mail time). ~1-3 business days by fax with $25 expedite fee.


M.G.L. c156D

For Domestic Professional Corporations:

Agency:Massachusetts Secretary of the Commonwealth

Articles of Organization

Filing Method:

Mail, fax, in-person or online.

Agency Fee:

$275 minimum for up to 275,000 shares; ($100 for each additional 100,000 shares)

Other Helpful Massachusetts Facts

As you are preparing to incorporate, keep in mind the following requirements specific to Massachusetts.

Massachusetts Directors

  • Number: At least three required.
  • Qualifications: Must be a shareholder, unless otherwise in bylaws.
  • Quorum: Statute is silent.

Massachusetts Officers

  • Clerk, Treasurer, and President required.

Massachusetts Bylaws

  • Required: Yes.

Massachusetts Annual Shareholder Meeting

  • Required: Yes.
  • Action by written consent: Statute is silent.

Massachusetts Shareholders

  • Qualifications: N/A
  • Stock Certificate: Not required.
  • Voting Trusts Allowed: Yes.

Helpful Tools

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TimRoute Consultant, Inc.
Harbor Compliance provided excellent customer support and handle everything in establishing my corporation in Texas. They set up my new corporation, obtained a Federal EIN# and provided By-Laws for my corporation quickly and efficiently. John and Cliff both were responsive and provided answers right away to my questions. I am very happy to have relied on Harbor Compliance and will use them again for any future needs.
HarrySidere Technology, Inc.
Thank you Harbor Compliance. We are a small contractor business out here in NYC. We came across Harbor Compliance searching online, gave them a call on Tuesday noon, told them our situation, what we needed over the phone, all papers filed and sent back to me Friday morning. Thank you so much for your prompt service Harbor Compliance!
MichaelMHLin and Partners Inc.
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